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Surface Coatings
Recoil taps can be supplied in different surface coatings for special order requirements. Benefits of surface coatings include:
  • Longer tool life
  • Increased productivity
  • Tools can be run at higher feeds and speeds
  • Lower maintenance costs
Titanium Carbonitride - TiCNite (TiCN)
TiCNite coated taps have a very high surface hardness and are generally tougher than other coating materials. It has a high resistance to edge chipping.

Titanium Nitride - TiNite (TiN)
TiNite coating is a good choice for protecting the tap. It can achieve a longer life than uncoated taps and can be used at higher speeds.

Chromium Nitride (CrN)
This PVD coating was developed for use in non-ferrous areas where titanium based coatings were not successful. It is recommended for the machining and forming of titanium and copper and is harder than conventional chrome plating. The PVD coating process has no environmental side effects.

Recoil taps differ from standard taps dimensionally and only Recoil Screw Thread Insert (STI) Taps are suitable for use with Recoil Wire Thread Inserts. Recoil taps are manufactured to precise standards from either High Speed Steel (HSS) or (HSS-E) with ground threads and are available with taper, intermediate, and bottoming leads. They have a larger diameter but the same pitch as a standard tap in order to accommodate the wire insert.

Spiral point and spiral flute machine taps are also available for volume production purposes. For all sparkplug applications, pilot nose taps are recommended and are available for common metric thread sizes.

The most commonly used type of Recoil taps are defined together with their typical applications. The Taper, Intermediate, and Bottoming are short machine taps (suitable for hand tapping), while the Spiral Point and Spiral Flute are used in production applications.


Taper (or Roughing Taps) are used for starting precision and difficult holes.This tap has a lead of eight threads, but no size reduction.

Intermediate (or Plug/Second), used in most general purpose applications to facilitate thread cutting true to the drilled hole. The tap has a lead of four threads, but no size reduction.

Bottoming Taps are used to ensure the minimum thread run-out when tapping to the bottom of blind holes. The tap has a lead of two threads and would normally be preceded by a taper or an intermediate tap.

Pilot Nose
Pilot nose taps have been developed for repairing damaged threads without the need for drilling prior to tapping. This style of tap allows the use of the existing thread as a guide in tapping a straight hole. This style of tap is widely used in repairing damaged spark plug threads.

Spiral Flute
Spiral Flute taps are recommended for machine tapping for all blind hole applications, particularly in soft materials such as copper, magnesium and aluminum which produce long stringy swarf.

Spiral Point
Spiral Point Taps are recommended for machine tapping through holes. These taps provide for chip clearance within the lead of the tap.